It is a wild deciduous tree that can grow up to 20 m tall. The Indian gooseberry tree has smooth, gray-brown bark. The leaves are like a tamarind tree or a fern-like, oblong but narrow, up to 2 cm and flowers are inconspicuous as they are green in color. The flowers are bisexual and appear in clusters. Fruits are smaller in size with a diameter up to 3 cm, in greenish-yellow color that changes into orange-brown after maturity. The flesh is tart, juicy, and crisp and contains 1 or 2 small seeds.
Requirements for Growing Amla Tree
Plant Amla tree in a location that is less windy and sunny. The well-draining and sloppy position is good for its growth.
Well-drained, loamy to light heavy soil that is deep and rich in organic matter is required for growing amla tree. A pH level can be between slightly acidic to slightly alkaline. The waterlogged and clay-rich soil is detrimental and must be avoided, same is the case with too sandy soils.
Regular and abundant watering is essential at the young age. Once the tree gets established it doesn’t require regular and frequent watering. However, you can water the plant during the period of active growth or in a drought like conditions in summer. Watering 2-3 times in a month in summer is sufficient for a mature tree. In any case, water stagnation must be avoided.
Amla tree is tough and resistant to exploits of climate. It bears mild snowfall during winter months in the forest of Western Himalayas and tolerates extreme heat and dry atmosphere in tropical India. It is sensitive to prolong freezing temperatures and grows best when it is not exposed to frost.
Space the Amla tree approx. 20-30 feet away from each other. However, in forests these trees grow more densely.