- Melia Dubia originates from the Meliaceae family and is an indigenous species of tree to India, South East Asia and Australia, where it has been cultivated as a source of firewood. Melia Dubia is commonly found in the hills at elevations ranging from 600 – 1800 meters and grows well in rainfall areas of 25” to 35” (625mm to 875mm).
- It is fastest growing tree and is used for reforestation purposes. The wood of this tree is used majorly in Plywood Industry and also paper, matches, packaging etc. The fruit of the plant is bitter. It is considered anthelmintic. It gives positive tests with alkaloid reagents. Melia Dubia grows on a variety of soils; however, it grows well in deep, fertile and sandy loam soils.
- The seedlings production is very difficult because it’s germination percentage is as low as 10%. Melia Dubia is a large tree, attaining a height of 20 meters with a spreading crown and a cylindrical straight trunk of 9 meters length X 1.2-1.5 m. girth. About 400 trees can be planted in an acre which fetches Rs. 10-12 lakhs in 6 – 8 years time.
- It occurs in the tropical moist deciduous forests which yields useful timber and found in Kerala, Karnataka, Sikkim, Himalayas, North Bengal, Upper Assam, Khasi Hills, Hills of Orissa, N.Circars, Deccan and Western Ghats at altitudes of 1500 – 1800 meters. It is occasionally planted for ornament and makes a handsome avenue tree and a shade tree in plantations. It grows rapidly and is used for reforestation purposes.