The papaya is a small, sparsely branched tree, usually with a single stem growing from 5 to 10 m (16 to 33 ft) tall, with spirally arranged leaves confined to the top of the trunk. The lower trunk is conspicuously scarred where leaves and fruit were borne. … Unusually for such large plants, the trees are dioecious.
- Wash the seeds from a ripe papaya.
- Squeeze the seeds from the jelly bag that covers each seed. …
- Dry them in a shady place.
- Store in a tightly closed container and keep them until December.
- Plant the seeds in December. …
- Keep the small plants moist.
- Dig a hole about twice the size of the bag in which the young tree is growing.
- Remove the soil from the hole and add some compost and manure. Mix this with some of the soil that has been dug out.
- Take the plant out of the container. If it is a plastic container you just cut it open at the side.
- Do not disturb the roots.
- Place the tree in the centre of the hole. When you fill up the hole hold the tree so that its base is level with the surrounding ground.
- Raise the soil around the tree to dam the water (rain or irrigation).
- Do not plant the tree deeper than it was in the container.
- Do not cover the stem with soil because it will rot.
- Papayas need little water.
- They will, however, give more and bigger fruit if they are watered every 2 weeks in the dry season. The flowers will drop if they do not get enough water.
- If they are planted in clay soils, make sure that the soil does not stay too wet.
- To avoid waterlogging in clay soil, make a ridge and plant the papayas on the ridge.